A letter to the editor, titled “Xavier Campos Testimony: Taking the Fifth Amendment in No Way Implies Guilt,” written by James McManis and Hon. Gregory Ward (Ret.) was published in the Nov. 26, 2013 issue of the San Jose Mercury News. The letter was in response to an article that proclaimed that San Jose City Councilman Xavier Campos had been "caught" in a lie when, after relying on his constitutional right not to testify before a grand jury investigating an illegal campaign mailer, he publicly asserted that he was innocent of any involvement in the mailer's production or distribution. The letter explains that this presumption of guilt demonstrates a profound misunderstanding of the nature of the constitutional privilege.